Guide to the History and Culture of China
China has become a symbol of growth and development today. Anyone who has been to this captivating country will tell you about how its remarkable history is a precursor to its bright future. It’s almost impossible to find a place in the world which boasts a long history as interesting as China.
Whether you want to see the Great Wall or the Forbidden City, traveling to China will give you an experience of a lifetime. However, before you set foot in the country, it is vital to know some facts about one of the strongest nations in the world.
China is the second biggest country in Asia in land mass next to Russia. The People’s Republic of China is so huge that it makes up one-fourteenth of the world’s total land mass. It is almost the same size as Europe.
With over 1.4 billion people, the country also has the world’s largest population. One-fifth of the total people in the world is Chinese. Because of how large the country is, it features various land formations such as picturesque plateaus, coastal land, and massive deserts. In fact, Mount Everest lies on the border between Nepal and China.
The world’s third’s largest river, the Yangtze, is located in China. Additionally, China is also rich in wildlife. Giant pandas, which are endemic to the country, can be found in its southwest mountains. These adorable animals only eat bamboo.
History of China
China is known as one of the first civilizations which recorded its history. The history of China involves dynasties in which the country was controlled by an emperor, who functioned like a king. The rise and fall of dynasties in China are credited to the “Mandate of Heaven,” or a divine force which judges the emperor’s capability to rule over the nation by his manners.
Dynasties ended when the last was overthrown by a more powerful family through rebellion and war. For over 3,000 years, many dynasties controlled the nation. The first dynasty in China is known as the Shang dynasty. The Zhou dynasty followed, which transformed the nation from a divided state to a feudal nation. Numerous philosophies developed during this time, which became the basis for Confucianism and Daoism.
China entered the Warring States Period when the Zhou dynasty ended. After 500 years, China once again became unified thanks to the Qin dynasty. This dynasty was then followed by the Han dynasty which ruled for over four centuries.
When the Han dynasty ended, the Sui dynasty came into power and was later overpowered by the Tang dynasty. After the Tang dynasty, the Song dynasty controlled the country and made its economy thrive. However, they were removed from power by the Yuan dynasty.
The Yuan Dynasty was very unpopular with the people of China, as they were predominantly controlled by the Mongols. This gave rise to the Ming dynasty which was responsible for building one of China’s most famous landmarks, the Great Wall. After the Yuan dynasty, the Qing dynasty followed, which was the last dynasty in China.
Long before most countries were organized, China became civilized and had breakthroughs in crafts such as silk making and art. These early Chinese artists were also the ones to thank for calligraphy.
Most Chinese philosophical beliefs are rooted in the teachings of Confucius, a known philosopher and government official who preached about essential values over 3,000 years ago. Now, the teachings of Confucius have spread all over the world.
Additionally, many people in China follow Taoism, one of the world’s oldest religions. This religion highly values the relationship between humans and nature. Buddhism is also prevalent in the country.
Visit China Today
A visit to China will surely give you an experience of a lifetime. Not only does China feature breathtaking architecture, sumptuous food, and cute pandas, it also has some of the most welcoming people in the world. So do yourself a favor and experience the unique culture and sights of China with a trip today.